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Wine 101 – Easy Explanation of Wine Type

November 25, 2013 under Wine 101

This is a simple note to provide you should have a basic know of different wine, by

Difference in between red and white:

The different of red wine and white wine is not because of the red grape and white grape. (You can get a white wine from red grape by removing the skins from the juice immediately.) Red wine gets the color when skins sit in grape juice for fermentations. Only limited skin contact for Rose wine and no contact for white wine at all.

Sparkling wine and dessert wine:

Usually we tend started with sparkling wine and end with dessert wine. The carbonation in sparkling wine can occur from natural part of fermentation or injected carbon dioxide after fermentation. Dessert wine tends to sweeter as sugar or alcohol will be added during production.

Popular dessert wine/ fortified wine – Marsala, Port, Sherry, Vermouth, Madeira

Sparkling wine (from dry to sweet) – Brut Nature, Extra Brut, Brut, Extra Dry/Extra Sec/Extra Seco, Dry/Sec/Seco, Demi-Sec/Semi-seco and Doux/Sweet/Dulce.

Popular Wine Grapes:

White Wine:

  • Sauvignon blanc – Dry, tart and acidic with herbal flavors as well as tropical fruit.

  • Pinot Grigio (aka Pinot Gris) – Simple, light-bodied, dry and crisp. (Fun fact: the favorite wine of Liz Lemon).

  • Chardonnay – Fruity, buttery, with a velvety feel that’s atypical to dry white wines.

  • Riesling – Usually very sweet, with intense fruit flavors. Much lighter than chardonnay.

  • Moscato – Fruity, and often sweet.

Red Wine:

  • Pinot noir – Delicate and fresh, very soft tannins with fruity aromas.

  • Zinfandel – Typically zesty, ranges from medium- to full-bodied and dry to off-dry.

  • Merlot – Fruity, spicy. Very soft, less tannic than Cabernet sauvignon.

  • Cabernet sauvignon – Full-bodied with herbal notes. Younger cab has rich flavors of currant.

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